The Exhibit has been divided into five periods. In each of these periods an important theme is introduced.
The visitor gets acquainted with Anne and her diary. It also becomes clear that there are very different ways of looking at the importance of Anne Frank and her diary.
Period I: 1929-1933
Anne’s first four years of life. The rise of the Nazi party in Germany. Themes: nationalism, scapegoat thinking.
Period II: 1933-1939
Flight of the Frank family to the Netherlands. Rejection and persecution of Jews in Germany. Theme: the 'purification' of people (minorities), because they deviate from the standard (of the majority).
Period III: 1939-1942
The Frank family and other Jews are trapped. Start of the persecution of the Jews. Theme: civil courage.
Period IV: 1942-1945
Hiding period at the Secret Annex, Diary and deportation. Theme: Holocaust.
Period V: 1945-nu
Publication of the Diary; reactions to the Diary. Theme: human rights, duty of state to battle against racism and discrimination but responsibility of each individual. At the end of the exhibition 'ordinary' people tell how they, in their situation, contribute to a society in which differences between people are respected.
1. To inform the visitor about the history of the Holocaust from the perspective of Anne Frank and her family;
2. To show the visitor that there are differences between people in every society (cultural, ethnical, religious, political). In many countries there are factions who feel superior and who deny others the right to equal treatment. Such views may lead to discrimination, exclusion and even murder; mutual respect, human rights, democracy, etc.;
4. To make the visitor realize that a society in which differences between people are respected does not come about on its own. In addition to legislation and law enforcement, everyone's efforts within his or her possibilities are necessary.
About Anne Frank
Anne Frank was born into a Jewish family in Frankfurt Am Main, Germany in 1929. She was an ordinary little girl who loved to laugh, was called a chatterbox by her teachers, and was full of mischief. In 1933, the Nazis gained control of Germany and Otto Frank, a successful businessman, made the decision to move his family to Holland.
Anne lived a happy life in Amsterdam from 1934-1940. The Germans invaded Holland in 1940, and Jews and other groups were targeted for systematic extermination by the Nazis.
On July 5, 1942, Anne Frank’s sister was sent a notice by the Germans to report for deportation. The following day the family along with another Jewish family and a friend went into hiding in the “Secret Annex” of an old building.
Lively, talkative Anne was forced for the next 25 months to go days without talking and she turned to her diary “Kitty” to write her innermost thoughts, feelings, and hopes for a better world. The occupants of the “Secret Annex” were arrested on August 4, 1944 and sent to various concentration camps by the Nazis.
Anne died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945. Her diary is an imposing document revealing Anne’s ability to unmask the inhumanity of racism and fascism. She has become a universal symbol of courage and hope in the midst of horrendous violations of human rights.
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